Paat, also known as Pat or Goth Pat, is a small town of Dadu District in Sindh a southern province of Pakistan. It is located at 20°28'0N 48°68'0E with an altitude of 25 metres (85 feet).It is located on the mainline railway track connecting Karachi with Queta and its railway station is called Piaro Goth.
Paat Sharif is situated in the area in the north east part of Dadu District at bank of river indus.In east of Pat there is river indus, and in west Dadu Canal. The climate in Dadu Taluka in general is very extreme and same is the case with Pat Sharif. Fertile agriculture land is around the town, mostly depandent of Dadu canal water. The people of this area are deprived of access to potable drinking water. It is connected with the mainline railway and the station is named Piaro Goth.
Though small by all standards, the place was considered as a center of knowledge with an almost universal literacy rate. It has a rich historical background. As far as historical significance is considered Pat is overshadowed by Sehwan, one of the oldest cities dating from the Indus Valley Civilization. When Shershah defeated the Moghal Emperor Humayun, the latter came running to Sindh. He ran from pillar to post. At this stage Humayun, 33, fell in love with Hamida Banu, 14, an Arghun Sindhi girl, and married her in 1541 in village Paat, Sindh. Even in those days Paat was well known as the excellence of education.
Kazi Ahmadi Model School, Pat Sharif village was established in 1915 for boys and girls by Kazi Ahamdi (a reformist educationist who belonged to the Siddiqui/Makhdoom family) from his personal sources with help of British Government. Education of girls in Sindh was an extremely bold step forward in those days that met a lot of opposition.Now this school has been completely rebuilt by Government of Sindh.Since independence it is completelty managed by Government of Sindh, through its Education Department.
Coming to the west bank of the Indus, a mound known as Lohumjo Daro near Piaro Goth Railway Station came to attention in 1925. This mound has been further examined by Mr. Majumdar, who recovered from it several objects typical of Indus culture along with some others on pottery to which he assigns a period later to Mohen Jo Daro; still pre-historic relics. It is believed that the conditions that existed in Baluchistan and Sind five thousand years ago must have been much more favourable for human habitation than what exists now.
Unfortunately, most of the original residents belonging to the Ansari, Junejo, Siddiqui, Kazi, and Channa families have settled down in Karachi, Hyderabad and abroad with the result that it is not even safe to visit after sunset. Poor economic conditions and low living standards create additional problems in this area such as law and order, which continue to exacerbate the plight of the locals in this area.